Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes drastic changes in a person's mood, energy, and ability to think clearly. People with bipolar disorder experience intense emotional states that usually occur over different periods of days to weeks, called mood episodes. A diagnosis of bipolar II disorder requires a person to have at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode. Mental health professionals use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to diagnose the “type of bipolar disorder a person may be experiencing.”Depressive episodes can include symptoms such as lack of energy, low motivation, and loss of interest in daily activities.
Mood episodes last for days to months at a time and may also be associated with suicidal thoughts. Treatment usually lasts a lifetime and often involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Although bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition, you can manage mood swings and other symptoms by following a treatment plan. Research shows that TMS is useful for many people with various subtypes of depression, but its role in treating bipolar disorder is still being studied. People with bipolar disorder struggle daily with the unpredictable and often confusing characteristics of this complex mental health disorder.
Bipolar disorder usually develops later in women's lives, and they are more likely to have bipolar II disorder and be affected by seasonal changes in mood. To be diagnosed with bipolar disorder, a person must have experienced at least one episode of mania or hypomania. Some symptoms of bipolar disorder are similar to those of other illnesses, which can make it difficult for a healthcare provider to make a diagnosis. However, it's important to know the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder and seek early intervention. Learning more and teaching family members about bipolar disorder can help support you when episodes occur.
The person may not feel that something is wrong, but family and friends may recognize changes in mood or activity levels as a possible bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a serious mental health condition that requires proper diagnosis and treatment. With the right treatment plan, people with bipolar disorder can lead healthy, productive lives. It's important to remember that there is hope for recovery from this condition.