Bipolar IV, identified by manic or hypomanic episodes that occur only after taking antidepressant medications. Bipolar V, which refers to patients who have a family history of bipolar disorder but who only have symptoms of major depression. There are four different types of bipolar disorder, each with unique characteristics. Predominant features include intense mood swings, which go from manic episodes to depressive episodes, often without warning.
Resulting mood swings in sleep patterns, eating habits, emotions, and behaviors accompany mood swings. This type of bipolar disorder is characterized by manic episodes, with or without symptoms of depression. If you have this type of bipolar disorder, your manic episodes will last a week or longer. Your mania can be so severe that you need to be hospitalized to relieve symptoms.
Although you don't need to have depression to be diagnosed with bipolar 1 disorder, you can also develop depression that lasts longer than two weeks. Bipolar 2 disorder is characterized by manic and depressive episodes. The mania you experience with this type is usually less severe than the mania you would experience in bipolar 1, hence the name hypomania. When you have bipolar 2, you experience a major depressive episode before or after you've had a manic breakup.
You Don't Need to Deal With Bipolar Disorder on Your Own. If you are looking for help, call our office at 701-207-9841 or book an appointment online today. Bipolar disorder is a complex condition characterized by dramatic and unexpected changes in a person's mood. Contrary to popular belief, there is more than one type of bipolar disorder.
In fact, according to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), there are five types, each defined by the presence, type, frequency, and intensity of your moods. The duration and intensity of these episodes allow healthcare professionals to determine what subtype of bipolar disorder a person has. The DSM-5 lists four main categories of bipolar spectrum disorders, as well as substance-induced versions of illness and other medical conditions, such as stroke or traumatic brain injury. Unspecified bipolar disorder is a general category for people who experience bipolar symptoms but who don't fit perfectly into any of the other categories.
Bipolar disorder, not otherwise specified, is present when symptoms do not fit the other three categories, but still involve episodes of unusual manic state. Any problem of a metabolic nature, such as diabetes, fever, thyroid disease, infection, or pain, can alter the effectiveness of mood stabilizers, making an outbreak of bipolar disorder symptoms more common. Bipolar II disorder is similar to bipolar I disorder, but with less severe manic episodes, called hypomanic episodes. People with bipolar disorder experience periods of unusually intense emotions, changes in energy and activity levels, and uncharacteristic behaviors.
Patients with bipolar spectrum disorder who also have a diagnosis of ADHD will generally receive a mood stabilizer and a tricyclic antidepressant. However, a person with bipolar II disorder can still experience elevated moods, a less perceived need for sleep, and even reckless spending of money. Bipolar II disorder is characterized by a shift between less severe hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes. Rapid transcranial magnetic stimulation, which involves electrical activation of the frontal cortex, also shows promise for depression and may help patients with bipolar disorder, Miklowitz said, but more research is needed (Nguyen, T.
Unspecified bipolar disorder is often treated with the same medications that are used to treat other types of bipolar disorder. Unlike bipolar I and II disorders, the ups and downs of cyclothymia are not severe enough to meet the criteria for major manic or depressive episodes. Once drug-free and properly treated for their bipolar spectrum symptoms, approximately 50 percent of people will remain alcohol and drug free and free. A diagnosis of bipolar disorder is based on a person's medical and psychiatric history, symptoms, and an examination of physical and mental condition, and family history may be considered.
By looking at screening questionnaires, collecting family history, and asking specific questions during the clinical interview, your provider found evidence that built the case for bipolar disorder. . .