Symptoms - Bipolar disorder feeling sad, hopeless, or irritable most of the time, lack of energy, difficulty concentrating and remembering things, loss of interest in daily activities, feeling empty or worthless, feelings of guilt and despair, feeling pessimistic about everything, self-doubt. Mania and hypomania are two different types of episodes, but they have the same symptoms. Mania is more severe than hypomania and causes more noticeable problems at work, school, and social activities, as well as difficulties in relationships. Mania can also trigger a break with reality (psychosis) and require hospitalization.
During a manic phase, bipolar people may feel more efficient with their extra energy and a lower need for sleep. However, the crash is inevitable, resulting in a depression that negates the superman effect. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, a depressed cycle brings problems with memory, concentration and decision-making, which can impair work performance and cause errors. Psychotic Symptoms in Bipolar Disorder May Reflect Your Mood.
For example, if you have a manic episode, you may believe that you have special powers or that you are being monitored by the government. If you have a depressive episode, you may feel very guilty about something you think you have done. You may feel that you are worse than others or that you don't exist. These symptoms may occur before or after a hypomanic episode in bipolar II disorder.
A person with cyclothymic disorder will have had symptoms of hypomania and episodes of depression for at least 2 years, or 1 year for children and teens. On the other hand, during depressive episodes, a person with bipolar disorder may sleep for long periods, without being able to get out of bed for a few days. The defining sign of bipolar I disorder is a manic episode that lasts at least a week, while people with bipolar II disorder or cyclothymia experience hypomanic episodes. Bipolar disorder, not otherwise specified, is a general category for a person who only has symptoms of bipolar disorder that do not match the other three categories.
If you or a loved one has any of these warning signs of bipolar disorder, it's important to seek help right away. However, it's important to know the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder and seek early intervention. While bipolar disorder affects people assigned as female at birth (AFAB) and those assigned as male at birth (AMAB) in equal numbers, the condition tends to affect them differently. Signs and symptoms of bipolar I and bipolar II disorders may include other characteristics, such as anxious distress, melancholy, psychosis, or other.
Mental health providers use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to diagnose the type of bipolar disorder a person may be experiencing. A person with depressive psychosis may believe that they have committed a crime or that they are financially ruined. Significant changes in both appetite (and weight) and sleep patterns, regardless of how they manifest, may indicate a depressive cycle of bipolar disorder. Other possible diagnoses, besides bipolar disorder, that should be considered in the context of symptoms such as these include unipolar (major) depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, adjustment disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and personality disorders such as personality.
While manic episodes of bipolar I disorder can be serious and dangerous, people with bipolar II disorder may be depressed for longer periods, which can cause significant deterioration. Although borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar disorder have similar symptoms and are often confused with each other, they are different conditions. The most prominent signs of bipolar disorder in children and teens may include severe mood swings that are different from the usual mood swings. The severity of the depressive and manic phases may differ from person to person and in the same person at different times.