Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that is characterized by extreme changes in mood. People with this disorder may experience episodes of depression, characterized by lack of energy, low motivation, and loss of interest in daily activities. They may also experience manic episodes, which can include feelings of euphoria and increased productivity. These episodes can last for days to months at a time and may be associated with suicidal thoughts.
Treatment for bipolar disorder usually involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy, such as interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) and family-centered therapy. Research is ongoing to determine the relationship between genetic factors, lifestyle changes, and bipolar disorder. Scientists are also exploring how these factors can help prevent the occurrence of bipolar disorder and what role they can play in its treatment. If you or someone you know has symptoms of bipolar disorder, it is important to talk to a family doctor or psychiatrist.
The health care team will likely recommend making lifestyle changes to stop behavior patterns that worsen symptoms of bipolar disorder. It is important to note that people assigned as female at birth (AFAB) and people assigned as male at birth (AMAB) are equally affected by bipolar disorder. However, the condition tends to affect them differently. People with bipolar disorder are more likely to have thyroid disease, migraines, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other physical illnesses.
Additionally, suicide is an ever-present danger because some people become suicidal even in manic states.